Pathology is the study of the “experience” or “suffering” of a disease.
It is a significant component of the causal study of disease and a major field in modern medicine and diagnosis.
A pathologist is a medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of disease based on the gross, microscopic, chemical, immunologic and molecular examination of organs, tissues, and whole bodies through the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids and tissues.
Pathology diagnoses disease mostly through the analysis of tissue, cell, and body fluid samples.
Our pathologists address four components of disease:
- mechanisms of development (pathogenesis)
- structural alterations of cells (morphologic changes)
- and the consequences of changes (clinical manifestations)
Important pathology investigations available at our clinic includes
Cytology diagnoses diseases on the cellular level.
It is used to aid in the diagnosis of cancer, certain infectious diseases and other inflammatory conditions as well as thyroid lesions, diseases involving sterile body cavities, and a wide range of other body sites.
Cytology is generally used on samples of free cells or tissue fragments.
A Pap smear (Pap test) is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of
precancerous or cancerous cells on the cervix, the opening of the uterus.
The Pap test checks for cervical cancer. Cells scraped from the opening of the cervix are examined under a microscope. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina.
A biopsy is a small piece of tissue removed primarily for the purposes of surgical pathology analysis, most often in order to render a definitive diagnosis.
A biopsy is a sample of tissue taken from the body in order to examine it more closely.
Our doctors recommend a biopsy when an initial test suggests an area of tissue in the body isn’t normal.
Biopsies are most often done to look for cancer. But biopsies can help identify many other conditions.
A biopsy might be recommended to answer few of the following medical questions:
- Amammogram shows a lump or mass, indicating the possibility of breast cancer.
- A mole on theskin has changed shape recently and melanoma is possible.
- A person has chronichepatitis and it’s important to know if cirrhosis is present.
In some cases, a biopsy of normal-appearing tissue may be done. This can help check for cancer spread or rejection of a transplanted organ.
Hematology is the study of diseases of blood cells and the tissues, and organs comprising the hematopoietic system.
Our pathologist review biopsies of lymph nodes, bone marrows and other tissues involved by an infiltrate of cells of the hematopoietic system.
Histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of various forms of human tissue.
Histopathological examination of tissues starts with surgery, biopsy, or autopsy.
The tissue is removed from the body of an organism and then placed in a fixative which stabilizes the tissues to prevent decay.
Our pathology unit provides advanced pathology services and it is the only of its kind in Southern Ethiopia.